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 Shaiva & Vaishnava are the major sects of Hinduism. However, with the passage of time and influence of political, social and economic factors, large number of Sects & Cults kept evolving and flourishing. Many of them are of mix, complex or even weird sectarian nature. The Guru or Baba, Sant, Fakir remained dominant mobilizing factor.

Shaiva Sect
AKHADAS
(1) Avahan, (2) Atal , (3) Anand, (4) Niranjani, (5) Mahanirvani , (6) Juna, (7) Agni ,
(8) Gudad
SHANKARACHARYAS
Sharada Peeth (Dwarka), Govardhan Peeth (Puri), Jyoti Peeth (Badrinath), Shringeri Peeth (Rameshwar), Karveer Peeth (Kolhapur)
Self-Style Shankaracharyas:-
 
Nath Sampraday

Nath Sampraday has 8 Naths and 84 Siddhas. It comprises of 12 Panthas (all Shaiva Sect) as follows : - 1) Satyanathi, 2) Dharmanathi, 3) Ramnathi 4) Laxmannathi, 5) Kapilani, 6) Aai Panthi, 7) Dariyanathi, 8) Ganganathi 9) Rawal Panthi , 10) Man Nathi, 11) Pagal Panthi, 12) Kakkad Panthi

 
Jyotirlingas (12)
 
 
Shakti Peethas (52)
 
 
 

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Vaishnav Sect
Vaishnav  Sampradaya is divided into 4 categories viz. 
(i) Shri Sampradaya (Shri Ramanuian),  (ii) Rudra Sampradaya / Shuddha-advait Sampradaya (iii) Brahma Sampraday (Gaudia,Vallabhai @ Madhva Nam) & (iv) Sankadi Sampraday @ Nimbarki.
There are 58 Dwars and 7 Akhadas in these 4 Sampradayas.
These 7 Akhadas are (1) Nirmohi (2) Digambari (3)Nirlambi (4) Khaki (5) Nirvani (6) Santoshi (7) Tatambari. However, 3 Akhadas viz. Nirmohi, Digambari and Nirvani are held as major and prominent.
 
Chatu Sampraday, Swami Narayan, NAM Sampraday, VARKARI Sampraday

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Misc Sects
In 15th Century number of Sampradayas were formed in the wake of Islamic aggression. These Sampradayas are :-
1) Nanak Panthi, 2) Dadu Panthi, 3) Bavari Panthi, 4) Niranjani Panthi 5) Kabir Panthi 6) Lali Panthi 7) Dhami Panthi 8) Satnami  9) Dharanishwari  10) Dariyadasi 11) Dariya Panthi  12) Shivanarayani 13) Charandasi  14) Garibdasi  15) Garib Panthi 16) Panap Panthi  17) Ram Sanehi  18) Anand Margi 19) Ram Piriye 20) Varkari 21) Nirankari 22) Swami Narayan 23) Bij Margi 24) Maluk Dasiye  25) Ayyappa Margi 26) Khalsa Panth  27) Vahe Guru  28) Radha Swami 29) Radha Vallabhi  30) Kina Rami  31) Aghori 32) Aiyawari  33) Bandha Margi 34) Nityanandi  35) Menhi Sampraday, etc.
Datta Sampraday

'Datta Sampraday' was founded by Narsinh Saraswati (1378-1458 AD) in the early part of 15th century. It flourished in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh during Muslim Regimes. It was taken as a unifying factor of Shaiva and Vaishnava traditions as well as Hindus and Muslims too. Significantly, it preferred 'Padooka Pujan' over idol worship. Besides, it's Granth 'The Guru Charitra' did not give space to the 'Vedant' and 'Kriya-Shunya' Bhakti, and rather advocated to make best use of material life to attain Moksha under guidance of a Guru. It stressed on doing 'good karmas' while body is healthy and strong to attain 'Chitta-Shuddhi' because human body is  momentary and one may not do 'good karma' when one's health  is failing. »More

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Religion Forum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Guru Parampara (Sampradayas Known by Guru's Name) - Alphabetical Order
  A-B-C-D    E-F-G-H   I-J-K-L
 Aniruddha Bapu
 Kabir Panth
 Asaram Bapu
 Baba Hardev Singhji
 Chaitanya Maha Prabhu
 Datta Sampraday
Gadge Baba
Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon
 
 
 
 
 Kabir Panthi
 
 
 
 
 
  M-N-O-P    Q-R-S-T  U-V-W-X-Y-Z
 Mata Nirmaladevi
 Meherbaba, Ahmednagar
 Narendra Maharaj
 
 Osho Rajnish
 
 
 
 Ramkrishna Mission
 Sai Baba, Shirdi 
 Satya Saibaba, Puttaparthy
 Sudhanshu Maharaj
 Swami Samarth, Akkalkot
 Tukdoji Maharaj
 
 
 Vamanrao Pai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Self Style Gurus :
Pracharaks, Kirtankars, Pravachankars, Yogis, Sadhaks, Aghoris, Tantriks, Mantriks, Vastu Gurus, Jyotishis, Spiritual Healers
 
 
 

Religion Forum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Hindu Sampradayas  (Cult Organizations / Insttns) - Alphabetical Order
  A-B-C    D-E-F   G-H-I  J-K-L
 Anand Marg
 Arya Samaj
Chatu Sampraday
 
 
 
 ISCON
 
 
 
 
 
  M-N-O    P-Q-R  S-T-U  V-W-X-Y-Z
 Mahanubhav
 
 NAM Sampraday
 Nath Sampraday
 NIRANKARI Sampraday
 
 
 
 Ruhani Mission
 
 Sahaj Yoga
 Sant Nirankari Satsang
 Swadhyay
 Swami Narayan
 UDASIN Sampraday
 VARKARI Sampraday
 
 
 
 

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 Other Cults
       
 Theosophical Society
 J. Krishnamurti
 Osho
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Reformist Sects
 Brahmo Samaj
 Sudharak Samaj
 Prarthana Sabha
 
 

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