A Non-Profit, Catalytic, Neutral, Voluntary, Free & Open to All Forum. Aims: To Promote / Support, General Awareness, Transparency, Common Cause. Objectives: Academic, Creative, Constructive, Positive

 Common Man's Platform to Seek or Share Needful Basic Information, Freely & Openly !!!

 
 

About Us   Contact Us    Write Us

 
Who's Who / Hindu / Akhada   Your Query Your Feedback Contact Us Write Us
 
  Akhada  आखाडा 
For General Awareness About Who's Who of the Akhadas, their Working & Contribution.
It's a compilation from various open sources. Please inform factual mistakes, omissions, inaccuracies etc
 Please Ask Your Specific Queries And Also Share Useful Info !
This webpage is under continuous and progressive development ....!

The AKHADA is an armed outfit of the Sampradayas. Avahan Akhada was the first one to come into existence in 547 AD.

There are 14 Akhadas recognised by the Akhil Bhartiya Akhada Parishad.
13 of them participate in the Kumbha Melas (Prayag, Haridwar, Ujjain & Nashik).
Shaiva Sampraday 8 Akhadas AVAHAN, ATAL, ANAND, NIRANJANI, MAHA-NIRVANI, AGNI, JUNA, GUDAD
Vaishnav Sampraday 3 Akhadas NIRMOHI, DIGAMBAR, NIRVANI
Udasin Sampraday 2 Akhadas BADA UDASIN, NAYA UDASIN
Nirmal Sampraday 1 Akhada NIRMAL
 What is Akhada ?

The word “Akhada”, according to one historical version is originated from Sanskrit word “Akhanda” (constant / continuous / undivided). Its usage started from the need to maintain continuous vigil against the adversaries by the group / outfit of armed Sadhus and Sants specially established to protect their own faith and traditions. Small section / wing of the Akhada is called ANI or KHALSA.

Foreign aggressions as well as intra-sampraday differences caused growth of the Akhadas (6th century onwards). Over the years, these Akhadas have grown up into an institution like the Mutts and they are managed and run by the office-bearers like Shri Mahant, Mukhya Mahants, Sthaniya Mahant (Thanapati), Sachiv, Adhikari, Karbaris, Kothari, Pujari, etc. The members of the Akhadas practice ‘Bramhacharya’ and ‘Virakti’ and they propagate their faith to instill moral, cultural and spiritual values in the society.

(A) SHAIVA SAMPRADAY (SANYASI) : (8 Akhadas)
1. SHRI AVAHAN AKHADA : Formed in 547 AD.
It has headquarters at Varanasi with branches at Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain & Tryambakeshware. It has one Acharya Mahamandaleshwar as the head and number of Mahamandaleshwars and Mahants.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Brijeshpuri
2. SHRI ATAL AKHADA @ SHRI SHAMBHU DASH-NAM ATAL AKHADA : Formed in 646 AD.
It has headquarters at Varanasi with branches at Prayag, Haridwar, Ujjains, Tryambakeshwar, Aaraj, Baroda, etc.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Udaygiri, Mahant Purushottamgiri.
3. SHRI MAHA NIRVANI AKHADA @ SHRI PANCHAYATI AKHADA MAHA NIRVANI : Formed in 759 AD
It was formed following internal differences with Shri Atal Akhada. It has headquarters at Prayag and branches at Haridwar, Varanasi, Tryambakeshware, Omkareshwar, Chhanina Kheda (Udaipur, Rajasthan), Jwalamukhi (Dist. Kangda), etc.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Chandrakantpuri.
4. SHRI ANAND AKHADA @ SHRI PANCHAYATI SHAMBHU DASH-NAM ANAND AKHADA : Formed in 856 AD.
 It has headquarters at Varanasi and branches at Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain, Tryambakeshwar etc.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Sagaranand Saraswati.
5. SHRI NIRANJANI AKHADA @ SHRI SHAMBHU PANCH DASH-NAM NIRANJANI AKHADA : Formed in 904 AD
Formed in Mandvi (Gujarat), Hqrs at Haridwar, branches at Prayag, Varanasi, Ujjain, Tryambakeshwar, etc.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Digambar Shankarji, Mahant Gopi Bharati
6. SHRI AGNI AKHADA @ SHRI PANCH AGNI AKHADA : Formed in 1136 AD
Has headquarters at Varanasi and branches at Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain, Tryambakeshwar, Bareilly, Ahmedabad, Junagarh, etc. Also called as 'Brahmacharis' Akhada.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Ambikanandji.
7. SHRI JUNA AKHADA @ BHAIRAV AKHADA @ SHRI SHAMBHU PANCH DASH-NAM JUNA AKHADA : Formed-1156 AD
Formed in Karnaprayag (Uttarakhand).
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Shantigiri (Thanapati), Mahant Premgiri (Sachiv).
8. SHRI GUDAD AKHADA : Formed in 12th Century
Has headquarters at Junagarh and branches at Haridwar, Bareilly, Omkareshwar, etc. 
Not included in Akhada Parishad and has no traditional right for Royal-bath during Kumbha.
Prominent Mahants:        

Top

(B) UDASIN SECT : (2 Akhadas)
9. SHRI PANCHAYATI  UDASIN BADA AKHADA :   Formed in 1768 during Haridwar Kumbha

It is also called as Shri 108 Pujyapad Panchaparmeshar Panchayati Akhada Baba Udasin Nirvan.
It has headquarters at Prayag and branches at Haridwar, Ujjain, Gaya, Varanasi, Kurukshetra, Patiala, Hyderabad, Guntur, ShivaKashi, Tryambakeshwar, Hilsa (Nalanda), Kaharpur (Hoshyarpur, Punjab), Bhootnath-Samdiyala (Gujarat), etc.

Prominent Mahants: Mahant Shivgiriji.
10. SHRI PANCHAYATI UDASIN NAYA AKHADA: Formed in 1846 after a dispute in Bada Udasin Akhada
Has headquarters at Haridwar and branches at Prayag, Kurukshetra, Tryambakeshwar, etc.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Vichardas, Mahant Govinddas.

Top

(C) NIRMAL SECT
11. SHRI PANCHAYATI NIRMAL AKHADA: Formed in 1856 in Punjab

Has headquarters at Haridwar and branches at Prayag, Ujjain, Tryambakeshwar, Nashik, etc. Has close ties with Sikhism. Believes in Guru Granth Saheb and follows a Shaiva and Vedic upasana tradition. Guru Gobind Singh had sent a batch of 5 saffron robe sants (Panch Nirmal Gaurik) (Gaurik i.e. Saffron colour) to learn Vedas, Vedang, Dharma-shastra, etc. at Varanasi. However after learning, these Sants had formed their own sect by name Nirmal Sampraday.

Prominent Mahants: Mahant Tirthraj Singh.
(D) VAISHNAVA SECT (BAIRAGI): ( 3 Akhadas)
3 Akhadas and 18 Anis were formed in 1475 at Vrindavan by uniting 4 Sampradayas and Mandals / Sanghs of the Vaishnavas.
12. SHRI PANCH RAMANANDIYA NIRMOHI AKHADA :
It comprises following 9 ANIS (Khalsas) with Yellow Flag :
 
Shri Ramanandiya Nirmohi Shri Ramanandiya Zadiya Nirmohi Shri Ramanandiya Maladhari Nirmohi
Shri Ramanandiva Maha-Nirvani Nirmohi Shri Ramanandiya Santoshi Nirmohi Shri Radhavallabhi Nirmohi
Shri Harivyasi Santoshi Shri Harivyasi Maha Nirvani Dadu Panthi
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Ramdasji ,Mahant Rajendradas (both Nirmohi), Mahant Jagannathdas (Khaki Akhada), Mahant Narsimhadas (Khaki Akhada), Mahant Krishnacharandas (Chatur- Sampradaya).
13. SHRI PANCH RAMANANDIYA DIGAMBAR AKHADA
It has following 2 ANIs with Five Colour Flag viz. i) Shri Ramji Digambar and ii) Shri Shyamji Digambar.
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Keshavdas, Mahant Ramkishoredas.
14.SHRI PANCH RAMANANDIYA NIRVANI AKHADA
It has following 7 ANIS.
 
Shri Ramanandiya Nirvani Shri Ramanandiaya Khaki Shri Ramanadiya Niralambi Shri Ramanadiya Tatambari
Shri Harivyasi Nirvani Harivyasi Khaki Balbhadri  
Prominent Mahants: Mahant Gyandasji Maharaj, Mahant Shivanandji, Mahant Ramashraydasji, Mahant Sanjaydas.

Top

Religion Forum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahi Snan Procession during Kumbha
Nashik Kumbha

At Nashik, the procession for Shahi Snan of Vaishnava Sect Akhadas is led by the Nirmohi Akhada. The Digambar Akhada stays in the middle and Nirvani Akhada remains in the back side. Other small Akhadas of Vaishnava Sect join these three major Akhadas as per their old customs. On return journey, Nirvani leads and Nirmohi remains on the back side.

At Tryambakeshwar, the composition of Shaiva/Sanyasi, Udasin and Nirmal Sampradaya Akhadas in the 3 separate processions is as follows : (1) Juna Akhada, Avahan Akhada, Agni Akhada, Anand Akhada and Niranjani Akhada. (2) Maha-Nirvani Akhada and Atal Akhada and (3) Bada Udasin Akhada, Naya Udasin Akhada and Nirmal Akhada.

Violence during Shashi Snan in 1790 AD and 1872 AD and ban on Nashik Kumbha from 1872 to 1932

It may be mentioned that in 1790 AD, hundreds of Sadhus were killed at Nashik Kumbha (then held near the present site of Gangapur dam) following a quarrel between Sadhus of Shaiva and Vaishnva Sects over the issue of leading Shahi Snan procession and differences over observing their traditional customs and privileges. The Peshwa had intervened and shifted the Nashik Kumbha site to Tryambakeshwar for Shaivas and to Nashik for Vaishnavas to segregate Akhadas of these 2 major sects. Tryambakeshwar is 28 kms from Nashik. The recurrence of violent incident at Tryambakeshwar over their traditions and customs had also led to a ban on holding any congregation at Tryambakeshwar from 1872 to 1932.

Top

Religion Forum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Books
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Top

Documentaries
 
 
 
 

Top

 

Religion Forum

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Useful Weblinks
 
 
 

Top

 Your Queries
 
 
 

Top

Your Feedback
 
 
 
 
   

Top

Home | Hobby | Education | Social | State Profile | Who's Who | Know How | Common Cause
Contact Us | Write Us

(c) 2005-2010 FirstFoundation.in, India